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Fri, 18 Aug 2017 14:29:19 +0200


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Fri, 18 Aug 2017 07:00:00 +0200

Scientists Discover 91 Unknown Volcanoes Beneath Ice Sheet in Antarctica

Scientists have identified 91 volcanoes beneath an ice sheet covering Antarctica's west coast, a study shows. The volcanoes covered in ice stand nearly 3 miles along West Antarctica, possibly making the region denser than east Africa where Mount ... Discuss

Fri, 18 Aug 2017 05:00:00 GMT

Rodents Help NASA Take the Next Step to Mars

NASA's future deep space exploration – including to Mars – is an unprecedented venture in spaceflight, requiring us to tackle challenges we've never faced before. For instance, we know the human body changes significantly while in space, and we'll need to find ...

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 05:00:00 GMT

Untouched, Century-Old Fruitcake Found In Antarctica

Conservationists working to preserve artifacts in the first buildings ever constructed in Antarctica have found something extraordinary: a perfectly preserved, 106-year-old fruitcake. No, the cake is not a sign that Santa Claus hails from the South ...

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:00:00 GMT

 
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Fri, 18 Aug 2017 14:29:20 +0200


Silence perpetuates the violence
Eusebius McKaiser questions how friendship protects abusers.
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:04:00 +0200

Be aware, the Nazis are among us
It is not being alarmist to see parallels between Germany and what is happening in South Africa
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:01:00 +0200

White woman, reject racism
It’s about time that white women refuse to be beneficiaries of white supremacy
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:01:00 +0200

Manana pulls out of campus gender talk
Following allegations that Manana hit Mandisa Duma at a Johannesburg restaurant, last-minute changes had to be made to the dialogue programme
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200

Zim's disgraceful first family
They know, as sons of Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and first lady Grace, rules don’t apply to them
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200

Editorial: DisGrace – and a diplomacy one too
Nothing in the incident and what followed leaves Zimbabwe’s first lady with any shine at all
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200

Government lawyers: 'No diplomatic immunity for Grace'
Zimbabwe’s first lady has ‘no leg to stand on’ but efforts are afoot to prevent her appearing in court
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200

Editorial: Can we spell accountability?
An ever longer list of ANC ministers can't be bothered to show up in parliament to account for their actions.
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200

Letters to the editor: August 18 to 24 2017
Readers write in about Mbeki and Kenya, Eusebius McKaiser, and leadership
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200

Judges grill Gauteng health
The province grasped at straws in a court appeal for relief regarding payouts for medical negligence
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200


Wiki News (From Wikipedia®)

English Wikinews Atom feed.
Fri, 18 Aug 2017 11:51:24 +0200


Ohio man charged with second-degree murder of Charlottesville, Virginia counter-protester

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

James Alex Fields Jr. of Maumee, Ohio was arrested Saturday and charged with second-degree murder in the death of Heather Heyer of Charlottesville, Virginia when a car drove into a crowd of people counter-protesting a group of white supremacists who were in Charlottesville to protest the removal of the town statue of Confederate general Robert E. Lee. Fields, age 20, was denied bail on Monday morning. Three others were also arrested.

A candlelit vigil for Charlottesville held Sunday night in Washington D.C. The signs read "shut down white supremacy," "no free speech for fascists," and "stand united against racism & fascism."
Image: Ted Eytan of Washington D.C..

The "Unite the Right" rally began on Friday. It drew such groups as the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) and neo-Nazis and well-known "alt-right" personalities like David Duke and Richard Spencer. They shouted slogans such as "You will never replace us" and "Jews will never replace us" and waved Confederate flags. Counter-protesters including members of Black Lives Matter and antifa — a U.S. anti-fascist movement — gathered in the hundreds. The two sides clashed near Emancipation Park, where the statue stands. The demonstration devolved into physical fights, and Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe declared a state of emergency and called in the National Guard to remove the protesters.

By varying reports, after the alt-right protesters were removed from the park, a Dodge Challenger drove toward a group of counter-protesters near Fourth Street. In one version of the story, the Challenger drove directly into the crowd, killing Heyer, injuring at least nineteen, and throwing at least two people through the air. In another account, the Challenger hit a sedan from behind, which in turn hit a minivan, and it was these two vehicles that actually made contact with the counter-protesters. The incident is to be investigated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the United States attorney for the Western District of Virginia, and the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice. Authorities have not yet disclosed whether Fields was driving.

Cquote1.svg It was probably the scariest thing I've ever seen in my life [...] it was pandemonium. The car hit reverse and sped and everybody who was up the street in my direction started running. Cquote2.svg

—Robert Armengol, witness

Podcaster Robert Armengol, who was present, told the press, "It was probably the scariest thing I've ever seen in my life[...] After that it was pandemonium. The car hit reverse and sped and everybody who was up the street in my direction started running."

On Monday morning, fields appeared in court via video from lockup, and Judge Robert Downer denied bail. He is charged with one count of second-degree murder, three of malicious wounding, and one of hit-and-run. The judge appointed a lawyer for Fields.

Fields lived in Kentucky with his mother until a few months ago, when he moved to Ohio for work. An uncle of Fields told the Washington Post a drunk driver killed Fields's father before Fields was born, leaving him money in a trust until he turned eighteen. His high school history teacher Derek Weimer told the press that Fields had been a quiet, intelligent student. Fields tried to join the army but, according to Weimer, was rejected because of an antipsychotic medication prescription, though The Guardian noted military records suggesting Fields served for a few months in 2015. His Facebook page, which has since been deleted, once held Nazi imagery and a picture of Hitler. On the day of the rally, Fields was photographed protesting with the neo-Nazi group Vanguard America and holding their insignia.

Fields' mother, Samantha Bloom, told various news media she had thought her son was at a general Donald Trump rally. She commented he "had an African American friend" and said she was surprised to hear that Fields was involved with white supremacism.

Other fatalities associated with the weekend's unrest include Virginia State Police troopers Lieutenant H. Jay Cullen and Berke M.M. Bates, whose helicopter crashed while they were investigating the riots.

U.S. President Donald Trump commented, "We condemn in the strongest possible terms this egregious display of hatred, bigotry and violence on many sides, on many sides," saying that things like this have "been going on for a long long time" and called for "swift restoration of law and order." He subsequently received criticism from members both major U.S. political parties for not calling out the white supremacists specifically. During his presidential campaign, David Duke associated with the KKK endorsed Donald Trump, which Trump did not reject.

Orrin Hatch of Utah, the longest-serving Republican in the Senate, was one of many from both political parties who criticized President Trump for not calling out the white supremacists specifically, saying via Twitter, "We should call evil by its name. My brother didn't give his life fighting Hitler for Nazi ideas to go unchallenged here at home." Similar sentiments were published by former presidential candidate Senator Marco Rubio and New Jersey Governor Chris Christie. Several, including Senators Rubio, Cory Gardner, and Ted Cruz referred to the event as domestic terrorism.

Cquote1.svg My brother didn't give his life fighting Hitler for Nazi ideas to go unchallenged here at home. Cquote2.svg

—Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah

A proposal about a year and a half ago to remove the statue of Robert E. Lee sparked considerable controversy. Advocates of the statue portrayed it as history and opponents as a celebration of white supremacy. A few months ago, the Charlottesville City Council voted to remove and sell the statue, but a lawsuit was filed to prevent it. The statue remains in the park while these matters are resolved.

Robert E. Lee was a major figure in the American Civil War, in which eleven of the slaveholding southeastern states including Lee's home state, Virginia, attempted to secede from the rest of the country in the culmination of the decades-long debate about slavery. Lee began his career as a United States military officer. He trained at the West Point Military Academy and served in the Mexican-American War before joining the Confederacy at the beginning of the U.S. Civil War in 1861. Officially, he was General of the Army of Northern Virginia.

After surrendering to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, Lee lived quietly as president of Washington College, now called Washington and Lee University. After his death, white Southerners wishing to romanticize the antebellum South and the "Lost Cause" of the Civil War adopted Lee as their hero.

Lee repeatedly and publicly opposed the construction of Confederate war memorials: "I think it wiser moreover not to keep open the sores of war, but to follow the examples of those nations who endeavoured to obliterate the marks of civil strife and to commit to oblivion the feelings it engendered." Instead, he encouraged other Southerners to focus on the future. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, about 700 statues of Lee and other Confederate monuments stand in Southern towns and cities.


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Wed, 16 Aug 2017 08:16:00 +0200

Mozilla, Creative Commons, Wikimedia Foundation announce Bassel Khartabil Free Culture fellowship following execution of open culture activist
Wikimedia-logo.svg This article mentions the Wikimedia Foundation, one of its projects, or people related to it. Wikinews is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Monday, August 14, 2017

On Friday, several free knowledge, culture and open source oriented organisations — Creative Commons, Mozilla, and the Wikimedia Foundation, amongst others — collectively announced a three-year commitment for a free-culture fellowship to honour Bassel Khartabil's continuing influence on the open web, during the Wikimedia's annual conference Wikimania in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Palestinian-Syrian Khartabil was held in captivity under the Syrian government starting in 2012 and went silent in prison in 2015. Early this month his wife confirmed Khartabil had been executed in 2015.

File photo of Bassel Khartabil, 2009.
Image: Joi (flickr). (CC BY 2.0)

Khartabil worked as a computer engineer and contributed to Mozilla and Wikipedia. A supporter of free access to knowledge and culture, Khartabil co-founded Syria's first hackerspace, Aiki Lab, and led Creative Commons' Syrian project.

The fellowship to honour Khartabil aims to promote free culture in various forms, including art, music, software, and community. On their official blog, Creative Commons said they would encourage applications from the Levant, Middle East, and North Africa.

Amazon Web Services is to act as a supporting partner and the fellows would receive a stipend of US$50 thousand over the course of ten months. The fellowship is to be awarded on a one-year basis, which could be renewed. Additionally, the organisations are to provide up to US$3000 for the candidates to purchase equipment and software.

Promoting candidates from "closed societies" from the countries with a history of oppression of freedom of expression and access to free knowledge, the fellowship laid three requirements for the eligibility. The applicants must have a history of contribution to the open source/access or free culture communities, and propose in their application an initiative promoting free culture values, and in which the fellowship would be their primary work focus. The fellowship applications are to be accepted from February, and the fellowship is to be awarded in April.

Apart from contributing to Mozilla and Red Hat, Bassel Khartabil developed "Aiki", an open source framework which is currently used by Open Clip Art and Open Font Library. He was listed among Top Global Thinkers by Foreign Policy, and given a Digital Freedom Award by the Index on Censorship.

Khartabil was arrested by the Syrian military in March 2012. Following time in a Syrian General Intelligence Directorate facility, nine months after his arrest he was transferred to Adra Prison, and permitted family visits. He was relocated to an undisclosed facility in October 2015, and executed soon after. His wife, Noura Ghazi Safadi, confirmed Khartabil's death on August 1 via a Facebook post.


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Mon, 14 Aug 2017 20:15:24 +0200

 

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